is the universal writing method for the blind. There are six dots arranged like the 6 on a dice. Combinations of those dots form letters, numbers and other characters. For example, only one dot is an “a”, two horizontal dots form a “b” and so on. Though the Braille system is used internationally, there are different alphabets, just the same as in regular writing.
In the picture you can see the Nepali Braille alphabet. This is what children at the Mobile Blind School are studying at the moment. As this alphabet is very complex, they have to learn many different combinations of dots until they are able to read and write all letters.
For writing, the children use slate and stylus. The slate is the frame that gives orientation for the correct size of letters and helps to position the dots at the right place. The stylus is the tool to print the single dots.
During Braille class, the older children practice writing the alphabet and small words. Smaller children learn how to use slate and stylus to print the six dots in the right position. In some villages Braille class takes place in an office or school building, in others students meet on the roof of a house for their class.
Most of the partially sighted students already know regular print. For them Braille is a method to make their studies more effective because they are not able to read printed books or writing on the blackboard. For small children this is the first contact with the alphabet and for two totally blind teenagers, the Braille class is the first opportunity to learn how to read and write.